Safety and Efficacy of Xyrem Oral Solution (Sodium Oxybate) Compared With Placebo in Narcoleptic Patients


Brief Summary

The initial portion of the protocol involves discontinuing any medications for cataplexy that the patient may be taking. Subsequently, the patient is prescribed a dose of oral solution of study drug or placebo over a 10-11 week period. During the trial, narcolepsy symptoms will be evaluated. Participants are allowed to continue using stimulant medications at constant doses during the study. A total of 1 to 3 daytime visits in addition to 4 overnight visits to the sleep center will be required to complete the study.

Intervention / Treatment

  • Sodium Oxybate (DRUG)

Condition or Disease

  • Narcolepsy


  • Phase 3
  • Study Design

    Study type: INTERVENTIONAL
    Status: Completed
    Study results: No Results Available
    Age: 16 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
    Enrollment: 200 ()
    Funded by: Industry
    Allocation: Randomized
    Primary Purpose: Treatment


    Clinical Trial Dates

    Start date: Dec 01, 2000
    Primary Completion: Aug 30, 2020
    Completion Date: Apr 01, 2004
    Study First Posted: Nov 15, 2002 ESTIMATED
    Results First Posted: Aug 30, 2020
    Last Updated: Jun 23, 2005

    Sponsors / Collaborators

    Lead Sponsor: Orphan Medical
    Responsible Party: N/A
    No responsible party listed

    Eligibility Criteria

    Sex: All
    Minimum Age: 16
    Age Groups: Child / Adult / Older Adult
    Healthy Volunteers: Yes


    * Have signed \& dated informed consent before beginning protocol procedures.
    * Willing \& able to complete entire trial as described in protocol.
    * 16 years of age or older.
    * Have a history and presenting symptoms of excessive daytime sleepiness.
    * Have a history of cataplexy localizable to a specific muscle group(s) or part(s) of body during which the patient is lucid (not experiencing an inadvertent nap or micro sleep).
    * Have valid PSG \& MSLT scores (collected during an overnight test) within last five years and a current diagnosis of narcolepsy according to the following criteria established by the American Sleep Disorders Association: (1) Recurrent daytime naps or lapses into sleep occur almost daily for at least 3 months; (2) Sudden bilateral loss of postural muscle tone occurs in association with intense emotion (cataplexy); (3) Polysomnography demonstrates one or more of the following: (a) Sleep latency less than 10 minutes; (b) REM sleep latency less than 20 minutes; (c) An MSLT that demonstrates a mean sleep latency of less than 5 minutes; (d) Two or more sleep-onset REM periods
    * Females who are surgically sterile, two years post-menopausal, or if of child-bearing potential, using a medically accepted method of birth control and agree to continue use of this method for the duration of the trial.
    * In the opinion of the investigator, have adequate support for the duration of trial to include transportation to and from trial site. In addition, if in the investigator's assessment it is clinically indicated, the patient is willing to not operate a car or heavy machinery for the duration of the trial or for as long as the investigator deems clinically indicated.


    * Received gamma-hydroxybutyrate in the last 30 days.
    * Have taken any investigational therapy within 30-day period prior to initial screening visit for this trial.
    * Patients taking fluoxetine (Prozac).
    * Have been diagnosed with sleep apnea syndrome, defined as an Apnea Index \> 10 per hour or an Apnea Hypopnea Index greater than 15 per hour, or have any other cause of daytime sleepiness, and have any other disorder(s) that can be considered a primary cause of excessive daytime sleepiness.
    * Taking hypnotics, tranquilizers, antihistamines (except for non-sedating antihistamines), benzodiazepines or clonidine at the start of the baseline period. Patients taking anticonvulsants are not eligible to participate even if willing to washout anticonvulsants for the trial.
    * Experiencing unstable cardiovascular, endocrine, neoplastic (excluding localized basal cell carcinoma), gastrointestinal, hematologic, hepatic, immunologic, metabolic, neurological (other than narcolepsy/cataplexy), pulmonary, and/or renal disease which would place the patient at risk during the trial or compromise objectives outlined in the protocol.
    * Have psychiatric disorders, major affective or psychotic disorders, or other problems that, in the investigator's opinion, would preclude the patient's participation and completion of this trial or compromise reliable representation of subjective symptoms.
    * Have current or recent (within one year) history of a substance use disorder including alcohol abuse as defined by DSM-IV.
    * Serum creatinine greater than 2.0 mg/dL, abnormal liver function tests (SGOT \[AST\] or SGPT \[ALT\] more than twice the upper limit of normal), or elevated serum bilirubin (more than 1.5 times upper limit of normal), or pre-trial ECG results demonstrating clinically significant arrhythmias, greater than a first degree AV block or a history of myocardial infarction within last six months.
    * Have an occupation that requires variable shift work or routine night shift.
    * Have a clinically significant history of seizure disorder, a history of clinically significant head trauma (i.e., concussion resulting in clinically significant loss of consciousness) or past invasive intracranial surgery, and are taking anticonvulsant medications.

    More Details

    NCT Number: NCT00049803
    Other IDs: OMC-SXB-15
    Study URL:
    Last updated: Sep 29, 2023