it will be calculated from the time of complete injection of local anesthetics till the numerical rating scale (NRS) is ≥3.
Ketamine or Neostigmine for Serratus Anterior Plane Block in Modified Radical Mastectomy
Serratus Anterior Plane Block Technique (PROCEDURE)The patient will be placed in Lateral Decubitus with a surgical side upwards with arm abduction. A linear ultrasound transducer (6-13 MHz) will be placed on the patient's midaxillary line in the transverse plane, at the level of the fifth rib, with the indicator oriented toward the operator's left. With the rib, pleural line, and overlying serratus anterior and latissimus dorsi muscles visualized, local infiltration of the skin and subcutaneous tissue will be applied by 2-3ml of lidocaine 2%. Then, using ultrasound guidance, A 38-mm 22-gauge regional block needle will be advanced in-plane at an angle of approximately 45 degrees towards the fifth rib. The expecting depth for this block is 1-4 cm. After aspiration, injection 30ml local anesthetic mixture will be injected anteriorly to the rib and deep to the serratus anterior muscle.
General anesthesia (PROCEDURE)Induction of general anaesthesia will be performed using a regimen of IV 2 μg/kg fentanyl and propofol IV 2 mg /kg. Tracheal intubation will be facilitated using 0.5 mg/kg IV of rocuronium. Anaesthesia will be maintained with inhaled sevoflurane 2-2.5% in oxygen enriched air (FiO2=0.5). Maintenance doses of rocuronium 0.1 m\\kg will be provided every 30 minutes. The residual neuromuscular blockade will be reversed using neostigmine (0.05 mg/kg) and atropine (0.02 mg/kg), and extubation will be performed after complete recovery of the airway reflexes.
bupivacaine +ketamine (DRUG)30 ml bupivacaine 0.25% + 1 ml ketamine (50mg) in Serratus Anterior Plane Block.
bupivacaine + neostigmine (DRUG)30 ml bupivacaine 0.25% + 1 ml neostigmine (500 μg)in Serratus Anterior Plane Block.
bupivacaine +saline (DRUG)30 ml bupivacaine 0.25% + 1 ml normal saline in Serratus Anterior Plane Block.
Condition or Disease
- Postoperative Pain
|Study results:||No Results Available|
|Age:||18 Years to 65 Years|
Clinical Trial Dates
|Start date:||Sep 05, 2020||ACTUAL|
|Primary Completion:||Feb 20, 2021||ACTUAL|
|Completion Date:||Mar 01, 2021||ACTUAL|
|Study First Posted:||Sep 10, 2020||ACTUAL|
|Last Updated:||Mar 01, 2021|
Sponsors / Collaborators
Ultrasound guided Serratus anterior plane block provides analgesia for breast and lateral thoracic wall surgeries by blocking nerves that are located in a compartment between the serratus anterior and the latissimus dorsi muscles ( the intercostobrachial nerve, lateral cutaneous branches of the intercostal nerves (T3-T9), long thoracic nerve and thoracodorsal nerve).
A previous study demonstrated the analgesic efficacy of ketamine in patients undergoing modified pectoral nerve block in breast cancer surgery as evidenced by prolonged time to first rescue analgesia and reduced total opioid consumption.
Neostigmine has been used as an additive to local anesthetics to prolong the analgesic effect. Although there is good evidence for a spinal action of neostigmine, its analgesic efficacy as an adjuvant to local anesthetic is still unclear.
The aim of this study is to Investigate the analgesic efficacy of adding ketamine compared to neostigmine to local anesthetic in Ultrasound guided Serratus anterior plane block for patients undergoing Modified Radical Mastectomy.
Patients will receive Ultrasound guided Serratus Anterior Plane Block preoperative with injection of 30 ml bupivacaine 0.25% + 1 ml ketamine
Patients will receive Ultrasound guided Serratus Anterior Plane Block preoperative with injection of 30 ml bupivacaine 0.25% + 1 ml neostigmine
Patients will receive Ultrasound guided Serratus Anterior Plane Block preoperative with injection of 30 ml bupivacaine 0.25% + 1 ml normal saline.
|Age Groups:||Adult / Older Adult|
* ● Female patients
* Type of surgery; Modified Radical Mastectomy (MRM).
* Physical status ASA II, III.
* Age ≥ 21 and ≤ 65 Years.
* Body mass index (BMI): \> 20 kg/m2 and \< 35 kg/m2.
* ● Patients with Known sensitivity or contraindication to drug used in the study (local anesthetics, opioids).
* History of psychological disorders and/or chronic pain.
* Contraindication to regional anesthesia e.g. local sepsis, pre- existing peripheral neuropathies and coagulopathy.
* Infection of the skin at the site of needle puncture area
* Patient refusal.
* Severe respiratory or cardiac disorders.
* Advanced liver or kidney disease.
* Patient with surgery duration more than two hours
Rescue analgesia will be provided in the form of IV morphine 3 mg boluses if the patient indicates Numeric Pain Rating Scale ≥ 3. The total amount of morphine given in 24 hours will be recorded for the three groups.
Rescue analgesia of fentanyl 1 μg/kg will be given if the mean arterial blood pressure or heart rate rises above 20% of baseline levels.
A numerical rating scale (NRS) requires the patient to rate their pain on a defined scale. For example, 0-10 where 0 is no pain and 10 is the worst pain imaginable